The College has medieval glass from three separate programmes in its collection: a mid-thirteenth century scene from the Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris (now in Treasury), the late fourteenth-century glass of the College Chapel, and an early sixteenth-century window in the south wall of Thurbern’s Chantry.
A new booklet written by Eleanor Townsend and Sarah Griffin, Medieval Glass at Winchester College, looks at how and why each programme of glass was commissioned, their content, and their history since the Middle Ages. Created across a period of significant artistic change, they demonstrate the development of stained glass production techniques and the Gothic style from the mid-thirteenth to sixteenth centuries.
The focus of Medieval Glass at Winchester College is what the glass can tell its observers about art in the Middle Ages, yet this is just one aspect of its rich history. Each programme has since been extracted and moved between buildings, their appearance inevitably altered in the process. Extensive research on the original arrangement of the glass of the College’s chapel and chantries has been undertaken in the past century and the College is fortunate to have considerable archival materials that record their study.
The project to uncover the history of the College’s stained glass began with attempts, in the early twentieth century, to track down the fourteenth-century glass of the Chapel’s east window that had been removed in 1821 (for more on this story, see Tim Gidding’s recent Trusty Servant article). The art historian and Old Wykehamist Kenneth Clark, when purchasing some of the pieces for the College in 1949, wrote, ‘I have never written a cheque with greater emotion’. Their return raised questions as to where they would be installed, leading to a re-organisation of the glass in Fromond’s and Thurbern’s Chantries. The reorganisation of the glass was led initially by John Harvey, consultant architect of the College 1947–64.
One of Harvey’s tasks was to reconstruct an early sixteenth-century window, which had been partially cut down when moved from Thurbern’s to Fromond’s Chantry around 1772. In planning the reassembly, he drew intricate, to-scale drawings of the windows, and made collages using photographs of his arrangement of the glass pieces. Seeing these multi-media documents from a time when cameras were not so readily available, I felt grateful for my tablet, which had been my own way of understanding the original placement of parts of the fourteenth-century glass (see page 9 of the booklet).
The windows—large, centuries-old puzzles taken apart and pieced back together multiple times—will never again show a completely reliable image of their medieval appearance. Yet evidence of their extraction, dispersal, as well as their meticulous reconstruction, provide a rich source of the changing attitudes to medieval art over time.
13th September 2021
Between 16 September – 1 October 2021, a new exhibition will be held at Winchester College to commemorate the lives of four former pupils who played a leading role in the British attempt to map, survey, and summit Mount Everest in the 1920s.
24th August 2021
England's largest free heritage festival takes place this September with Heritage Open Days. To celebrate this year's theme of 'Edible England', our College Archivist reflects on some of the unique terminology that has been associated with food over the centuries.
11th August 2021
Each year Winchester College welcomes hundreds of visitors to events, art exhibitions and specialist tours of the school and its collections for Heritage Open Days. This year, in-person events will return to the College with bookings now open.
5th July 2021
In anticipation of a new Everest exhibition in Treasury this September, Mr Bill Norton, son of explorer and mountaineer Edward Norton spoke to pupils and staff about the challenges and team dynamics of the 1921 expedition.
28th May 2021
The school's Treasury museum will re-open to the public next month, on Monday 21 June, in line with Government advice.
18th January 2021
As part of its extensive collections, the school has around 500 watercolours and drawings from the 18th to 20th centuries, which have now been digitised to make them accessible to as wide an audience as possible.