The poem Invictus by William Ernest Henley (1849-1903) has inspired many in times of trial since it was written in 1875. Written by a man who had to endure much as a child, it is about the spirit which underpins endurance.
Out of the night that covers me,
Black as the pit from pole to pole,
I thank whatever gods may be
For my unconquerable soul.
In the fell clutch of circumstance
I have not winced nor cried aloud.
Under the bludgeonings of chance
My head is bloody, but unbowed.
Beyond this place of wrath and tears
Looms but the Horror of the shade,
And yet the menace of the years
Finds and shall find me unafraid.
It matters not how strait the gate,
How charged with punishments the scroll,
I am the master of my fate,
I am the captain of my soul.
In his day Henley was a major figure, a poet, playwright, critic and publisher. He suffered as a child from tuberculosis of the bone, and had to have one leg amputated. Physically courageous, he had to draw on extraordinary endurance, and the mindset which gave him that strength is what he sets out in this poem, and what has inspired so many in adversity since.
As an adult Henley seems to have cut an imposing figure, with a mass of red hair, a red beard, a huge head and shoulders and a barrel chest, stumping around on his wooden leg. Given his unusual physique, combined with his amputation, Henley today would most likely be a Paralympic athlete, perhaps a wheelchair basketball player. It is appropriate that Prince Harry chose to name the adaptive games he founded in 2014, for injured servicemen and women, the 'Invictus Games'.
In recent years the poem has come to the fore particularly thanks to the 2009 movie of the same title, directed by Clint Eastwood, and starring Morgan Freeman as Nelson Mandela. The poem was a source of strength to Mandela during his 27 years imprisoned on Robben Island by the apartheid regime in South Africa.
26th June 2020
There is always something to celebrate at Winchester College and the last couple of years have been particularly full of significant anniversaries - the opening of the boarding houses and the conversion of Commoners into classrooms - and this summer sees the 150th anniversary of the opening of Moberly Library.
8th June 2020
English don, Richard Stillman reflects on the protests sweeping the United States and United Kingdom, what we might do to educate ourselves, and how this might help make a difference.
1st June 2020
In our latest Thought for the Week, Dr Jamie Barron notes that the COVID-19 crisis has brought scientists into the spotlight, but that science by its nature sits uncomfortably with the world of the sound-bite.
21st May 2020
Looking ahead to the next Treasury exhibition, Dr Griffin considers the work of Sir Thomas Browne (OW), a physician renowned for his close observation of nature.
11th May 2020
As he sets off on his own creative sabbatical, Malcolm recommends exploring one's own creativity, and spending time in nature, as a balm for life, beyond the present circumstances.
10th May 2020
In this article, Mr Ben Gould, Economics don explores how the pandemic might impact economic recovery.